The department was interested mostly in the setting of piece rates and considers most motion studies to be primarily the concern of management. As soon as the writer was made gang-boss, one after another of the men came to him and talked somewhat as follows: “Now, Fred, we’re very glad to see that you’ve been made gang-boss. Its attitude toward these studies is generally thoughtful and critical. Initially, Taylor called it “process management” and “shop management” until the term “scientific management” was coined and became the norm. Frederick Taylor was the father of scientific management theory. Frank Barkley Copley. Needs for Allowances in Time and Motion Study. To achieve good grades, Taylor studied many long hours. The Gilbreths devised a system of efficiency that included nine principles: Their system was all-inclusive and in many respects valid, not only in the produc­tion increases obtained but also in the recognition that the individual workman was the unit to be measured. 3. ADVERTISEMENTS: The father of “scientific” management was Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer who performed management studies in 1890. To understand Taylor, it is necessary to refer to his early work at Midvale Steel (1947, pp. You know the game all right, and we’re sure that you’re not likely to be a piece-work hog. Since his time, wages have gone up considerably more than 60 percent and workmen have not become “shiftless, extravagant, and dissipated.” Taylor represents those who believe that the average workman is dull and has no interests except earning more money, but that he is so stupid that earning too much is bad for him; therefore management is protecting him by keeping his salary increases small. Privacy Policy 8. Frederick Taylor (1856–1915) is called the Father of Scientific Management. Which influential thought leader is known as the father of scientific management? A2A. It avoids both the resistance to an outsider’s initiating change and the insecurity-producing factors of time and motion studies, and it encourages an acceptance of change, since the workers themselves participate in and contribute to the change. Frederick W. Taylor: Father of Scientific Management, Volume 1. He writes, “It is believed that the makeup of a good time-study man is comprised of a percentage of 80% – 20%. Disclaimer 9. scientific management. b. Components of Scientific Management: 5 Basic Components of Scientific Management – Explained! He was an American inventor and engineer. The writer used every expedient to make them do a fair day’s’ work, such as discharging or lowering the wages of the more stubborn men who refused to make any improvement, and such as lowering the piece-work price, hiring green men, and personally teaching them how to do the work, with the promise from them that when they had learned how, they would then do a fair day’s work. Mogensen and this union both have faith in the training of workers in time and motion study techniques. Cooperate with the workers to ensure that the scientifically developed methods are being followed. After all the therbligs involved in the task have been identified, it is then necessary to ask six questions: 2. A lot of work for such a simple task that is done in so short a time. 0 Reviews . Another aspect of Taylor’s work involves scientific selection of workmen. Sometimes these trained employees are accused by their fellow union members of not representing the workers’ best interests, and yet they are backed by the union. Frederick W. Taylor is known as “The Father of Scientific Management” and his philosophy of management lies in the scientific approach to decision making, which means that it is based on proven fact /experimentation, research/ rather than on tradition, guesswork, rule of thumb or precedent. Taylor was concerned with worker inefficiency and the need for managers to gain the co-operative effort of the employees. Taylors principal concern was that of increasing efficiency in production, not only to lower costs and raise profits but also to make possible increased pay for workers through their higher productivity. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Management > Scientific Management. The union’s primary concern, as reflected in its practices and behaviour, is to use time studies for obtaining data so that it may bargain collectively with employers in establishing salary standards and piece rates. Frederick W. Taylor, in full Frederick Winslow Taylor, (born March 20, 1856, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.—died March 21, 1915, Philadelphia), American inventor and engineer who is known as the father of scientific management. It is indeed too bad that such teams are not more frequent. He proposed that management take on new duties, such as: (1) Develop­ing a science for each element of a man’s work. Frederick W. Taylor is known as “The Father of Scientific Management” and his philosophy of management lies in the scientific approach to decision making, which means that it is based on proven fact /experimentation, research/ rather than on tradition, guesswork, rule of thumb or precedent. The work of the ILGWU management engineering department was primarily concerned with time rather than motion study. Scientific Management Theory by Taylor : The theory centered on the systematic study of people, behavior, and tasks. He was an American inventor and engineer. A good exercise at this point would be to plan an efficient system. Scientific management (also called Taylorism or the Taylor system) is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows, with the objective of improving labor productivity. Functional management delegated the traditional foreman’s managerial responsibilities to eight separate employees who were specialists at their functions. Representatives of the main arguments is Frederick Winslow Taylor, who was the scholar of Western management dubbed the father of management theories in a scientific way. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Taylor observed that the conditions in factories were unplanned, there was absence of standardization of methods of work, there was no rational method of assigning workers to their jobs and they were often placed in jobs that they preferred. The founding father of scientific management theory is Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915). Its founder was Frederick Taylor and the theory emerged late in the 19th century. In therblig terms he must search, find, select (assuming he has more than one pen), transport loaded, position, disassemble, position, use, assemble, transfer, search, find, position. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Every job involves a number of these therbligs. use time-motion studies to find the best method of … Taylor attributed his success as a gang boss to two facts: (1) he was not the son of a workingman and management would therefore believe him sooner than an ordinary worker, and (2) he was different and lived apart from the other workmen. A. Dale Carnegie B. Frederick W.Taylor C. W. Edwards Deming D. Peter Drucker 9. A man usually keeps his fountain pen in his inside coat pocket. Now, do wake up and answer my question. To record the production system and manufacturing techniques under which these rates are paid. Fredrick Winslow Taylor commonly known as ‘Father of Scientific Management’ started his career as an operator and rose to the position of chief engineer. The Gilbreths believed that the details of the work situa­tion should be adjusted to the individual rather than the individual being forced into the pattern of the job. The management engineering department of the ILGWU was created to pursue two objectives (Gomberg, 1943): 1. Harper and Brothers, 1923 - Industrial efficiency - 499 pages. Principles of Scientific Management by Fredrick Winslow Taylor – With Criticisms . Another simple illustration is the number of steps involved in inserting letters m envelopes and addressing and stamping them. You see that pile of pig iron?”, “Well, if you are a high-priced man, you will load that pig iron on that car tomorrow for $1.85. And what’s more, no back talk. Frederick W. Taylor, father of scientific management Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. It was a minute study of the motions involved in bricklaying and it enabled him to reduce the motions from 18 to 5, thereby increasing production from 120 to 350 bricks per man-hour. Prohibited Content 3. Q 15 . Now a high-priced man does just what he’s told to do, and no back talk. Scientific management concept is one of the principles of management and is also known as classical theory. He was born in meters lawyers wealthy family, was 18 when he passed the entrance exam to the University Harvad intend to study as his father's. Submitted To: Mr. Ankur Makhija Frederick Winslow Taylor Assignment - I Submitted By: Rashmi Kavya Radhe Kumar Rahul Kumar Rashika Davas Priyal 2. Through its unions, labor can, and in rare cases does, conduct time studies which result in benefits to its members. Tell me whether you are a high- priced man or not.”, “Veil—did I got $1.85 for loading dot pig iron on dot car tomorrow?”, “Yes, of course you do, and you get $1.85 for loading a pile like that every day right through the year. The writer had two advantages, however, which are not possessed by the ordinary foreman, and these came, curiously enough, from the fact that he was not the son of a working man. I could load dot pig iron on the car tomorrow for $1.85, and I get it every day, don’t I?”, “Now, hold on, hold on. Taylor was awarded the title of "father of scientific management" since he was the sole contributor in the area of scientific management. He questions that there is a single standardized method of performing a job and considers modification of method from worker to worker both desirable and efficient. It was quite unfortunate that Taylor was to miss Harvard Law School due to bad eyes that doctors attributed to stud… One of the most interesting of the Gilbreths’ contributions was the analysis and breakdown of a task into its basic elements of motion, which they called “therbligs.” This word, invented by Frank Gilbreth as the result of a suggestion from his wife, can in some respects be considered as a forerunner of Serutan. who is known as the "father of scientific management"? It is exceedingly interesting to find William Gomberg of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) writing of the “evangelical activities of Allen Mogensen on behalf of the work-simplification movement.” It is a mistake to believe that time and motion study can be a tool of efficiency only for management. Schmidt’s salary was increased from $1.15 per day to $1.85, per day, or 61 percent. Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management. They construct process charts and make suggestions as to how to achieve greater efficiency. Probably any self-respecting person in any self-respecting job believes that these 24 traits are necessary in his specific job, too, and they probably are. To serve as a central information agency: a. Can there be less motion in performance or degree? A. the father of scientific management B. a pioneer of scientific management C. the father of MBO D. the father of industrial psychology E. the originator of sociology Hugo Munsterberg has been called the father of industrial psychology. Frederick W. Taylor was born into a well-to-do family in Philadelphia in 1856. Taylor began the theory's … Regardless of one’s opinion as to whether management alone or management in collaboration with labour should set wage standards, there is no doubt but that employees can contribute to their own efficiency at least as much as the expert can, and in some cases more.’ They need only training, an opportunity for expression, and confidence that their improvements will be adopted. Image Guidelines 5. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT; IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO MANAGEMENT HENRI FAYOL, THE FATHER OF MODERN MANAGEMENT THEORY Perhaps the real father of modern management theory is the French industrialist Henri Fayol. Which management principle states that work should be divided so that each person will perform a specialized portion? Copyright 10. Together they can make real progress. After years of various experiments to determine optimal work methods, Taylor proposed the following four principles of scientific management: 1. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) is is called the father of Scientific Management. 49-50). Taylor's philosophy focused on the belief that making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimizing the way the work was done.In 1909, Taylor published \"The Principles of S… It was F.W. In a war of this kind the work­men have one expedient which is usually effective. Remember that the introduction of equipment and machinery is not always desirable. By way of illustration, consider signing one’s name. Taylor was concerned with worker inefficiency and the need for managers to gain the co-operative effort of the employees. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Scientific management is sometimes known as Taylorism after its founder, Frederick Winslow Taylor. Taylor’s lack of concern and sympathy with work­men is revealed in his statement, “This work is so crude and elementary in its nature that the writer firmly believes that it would be possible to train an intelligent gorilla, so as to become a more efficient pig-iron handler than any man can be.” His lack of sympathy and respect is further reflected in the way he reports his handling of a worker named Schmidt (1947, pp. As one of the most influential management theorists, Taylor is widely acclaimed as the ‘father of scientific management’. There is a great likelihood that his norm for production was too high and that his selection was not scientific. When he tells you to pick up a pig and walk, you pick it up and you walk, and when he tells you to sit down and rest, you sit down. Frederick Taylor (1856-1915), developer of scientific management. The father of “scientific” management was Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer who performed management studies in 1890. He is regarded as the father of scientific management, and was one of the first management consultants and director of a famous firm. Frederick Taylor is considered to be the father of modern management science. Content Guidelines 2. You have seen this man here before, haven’t you?”, “Well, if you are a high-priced man, you will do exactly as this man tells you tomorrow, from morning till night. In it he put forward his ideas of 'Scientific Management' (sometimes referred to today as 'Taylorism') which differed from traditional 'Initiative and Incentive' methods of management. The core of Taylor’s theory that they followed the technique of breaking the work process into sub-tasks or least possible units to regulate the … His experience from the bottom-most level in the organization gave him an opportunity to know at first the problems of the workers. Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks. A. the father of scientific management B. a pioneer of scientific management C. the father of MBO D. the father of industrial psychology E. the originator of sociology Hugo Munsterberg has been called the father of industrial psychology. Following his apprenticeship, Taylor took up an unskilled job at the Midvale Steel Works in 1878, and … Taylor declared that SM constituted a complete change in the mental attitude of workers and managers and he sums up SM as. The 80% can be called contact the other 20% can be called education and common sense.” He then lists 24 inherent and acquired qualities of such men. Although Schumard is serious, he shows the nonsense that an industrial engineer can indulge in when he tries to play the role of a psy­chologist. Open- mindedness, power of sympathy, personality, courage, etc., are all desirable traits. According to him (1947; “scientific” management (the quotes are ours) is based upon the firm conviction that the interests of the employer and the employee are the same, and that this system makes it possible to give the workman what he wants most—high wages— and the employer what he wants—a low labour cost. Scientific management concept is one of the principles of management and is also known as classical theory. One additional feature of this union’s approach is the training of its members on the various shop committees in time study techniques. The founder of Scientific Management? In this case the problem was complicated by the fact that the shop ran both day and night. c. To assist in training shop members and committees in distinguishing bad time-study practices from good time-study practices in the determination of rates. This means that the technique, when applied fairly, allows for a reasonable settlement of claims rather than resulting in a one-sided and emotional view. That is what a high-priced man does, and you know it just as well as I do.”, “Veil, dot’s all right. No one who has not had this experience can have an idea of the bitterness which is gradually developed in such a struggle. Taylor was a mechanical engineer who was primarily interested in the type of work done in factories and mechanical shops. Frederick Winslow Taylor, Stevens Class of 1883, was the inventor and engineer who pioneered the application of engineering principles and time study to production and shop management. Divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that the … In this carefully researched look at Taylor, the much-misunderstood father of scientific management, the authors present a biography/history of both the man and his ideas. Frederick Taylor … Frederick taylor - idea of scientific management. Henry Fayol is a father of modern management who enunciated fourteen principles of management, for improving overall administration. Scientific management analyzes workflows and processes with the goal of making them more efficient. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Standardization of work and wage incentives are characteristics of behavioral science. 3. Taylor proposed scientific management as opposed to “management of initiative and incentive.” He believed that his system was scientific because it gathered together the knowledge formerly pos­sessed only by workmen and classified, tabulated, and reduced it to laws, rules, and formulas. ): “Oh yes, you do. You know perfectly well that has very little to do with your being a high-priced man. By introducing rest periods and closely supervising the job, Taylor increased Schmidt’s production (provided it was average) from 12½ to 47½ tons per day, an increase of 280 percent. They show that Taylor's ideas have a place in the Information Age and that most of the negative ideas we have about scientific management are not grounded in what Taylor actually did. Frederick Taylor. That would be Frederick Taylor. Reading therblig backward gives the name Gilbreth except that the t and h are reversed. What I want to know is whether you are a high-priced man or not.”, “Oh, come now, you answer my questions. Some of these differences can be attributed to the work which has been done by Frank B. Gilbreth, an en­gineer, and his wife, Lillian, who was trained in psychology. So he is regarded as the 'father of scientific management' school. This principle is propounded by Fredrick Winslow Taylor (F.W Taylor) – the father of management. It does not take into con­sideration the most important item, the resistance factor, which is invariably en­countered. Father of scientific management Last week, Rob mentioned many famous business theories at Monday's lecture, among all of those theories, I was so interested in a theory called Scientific Management or Taylorism, to get some further understanding of this theory, I … He was an American inventor and engineer. He was a devout student, doing very well with his studies. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Vas dot a high-priced man? Henry Fayol introduced the concept of General theory of administration. Gomberg regards them as, at best, an empirical guide to setting up a range within which collective bargaining on production rates can take place. As against, F.W. His family was not wealthy, but they were well exposed to the high culture of the local society. It was F.W. Scientific management Taylor's seminal work--The Principles of Scientific Management (source of all the following quotes)--was published in 1911. 2. The writer told them plainly that he was now working on the side of the management and that he proposed to do whatever he could to get a fair day’s work out of the lathes. And there are few foremen indeed who are able to stand up against the combined pressure of all of the men in the shop. To go back to signing one’s name, it is immediately obvious that a more efficient system would use a desk-set pen in a fixed position; this requires no assembling and disassembling and no selecting, and many of the other therbligs are not required. Privacy Policy 8. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) is generally acknowledged as “the father of scientific management.” The core ideas of scientific management were developed by Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s and were first published in his monographs; “A Piece Rate System” (1895), “Shop Management” (1903) and “The Principles of Scientific Management” (1911). 44ff. Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.Its main objective is improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity.It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes to management. Taylor was born in 1856 in U.S.A. Frederick Taylor … who? However, many of the themes of scientific management are still seen in industrial engineering and management today. Before the Industrial Revolution, most businesses were small operations, averaging three or four people. He studied the elements of jobs, eliminating unnecessary motions and timing the tasks, in an effort to discover the “one best way” and the fastest time a worker could perform a particular task. He believes that no alternative method of measuring or estimating a reasonable day’s work has as yet appeared and that therefore time study methods and procedures must be called upon until a better technique is found. Frederick W. Taylor, father of scientific management Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. From this point of view he cannot possibly be talking about true cooperation. Alone they can make serious mistakes. Scientifically select, train, and develop each worker rather than passively leaving them to train themselves. Consequently, he identified 14 such principles, noting that they … Disclaimer 9. F. W. Taylor & Scientific Management by Vincenzo Sandrone Under Taylor's management system, factories are managed through scientific methods rather than by use of the empirical "rule of thumb" so widely prevalent in the days of the late nineteenth century when F. W. Taylor devised his system and published "Scientific Management" in 1911. Hugo Munsterberg was known as ____. Scientific management dimulai dengan gagasan Taylor yang menganalisis secara sistematis perilaku manusia dalam bekerja. His first study involved much more than the introduction of rest periods and constant supervision of the worker on the job. Wanting to help her husband, Madame LaBella invited the most influential management thinkers of her day to gather at her table and discuss whether W.B. Frederick Winslow Taylor's ideas about working efficiently and optimally spurred important and far-reaching philosophies about industrial engineering. 4. Scientific management is sometimes known as Taylorism after its founder, Frederick Winslow Taylor. Gomberg also recog­nizes a third limitation of time studies (1946). This principle is propounded by Fredrick Winslow Taylor (F.W Taylor) - the father of management. Do you understand that? Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) an American engineer made major contributions to the development of organizational theory and practice and is considered as the father of scientific management. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/1915.jpg. So, by way of illustrating what not to do, his list is presented in Table 20.1. He was born in the USA in 1856. Along with four principles of scientific management he also developed some scientific techniques. The founding father of scientific management theory is Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915). The Taylor study which has achieved historical importance is the “Pig-iron Handler,” a study of a gang of men loading pigs weighing 92 pounds and loading an average of 12½ tons per day. The remainder of his book is a sound exposition of the slide rule, stopwatch, wage scale, rest factor, and other items. Scientific management in its pure form focuses too much on the mechanics, and fails to value the people side of work, whereby motivation and workplace satisfaction are key elements in an efficient and productive organization. 6. F.W.Taylor-Father of scientific management 1. Content Filtrations 6. Although it does give tips on how to make a time study, application of the method would run into the same difficulties that doom time and motion studies to failure. To assist in improving the manufacturing techniques and operating methods of all branches of the industry with which our workers’ earnings are intimately bound. His publication of “The Principles of Scientific Management” in 1911 was a major milestone in the evolving management theory (Rose, 1988). Its founder was Frederick Taylor and the theory emerged late in the 19th century. He emphasized on adoption of scientific methods to the problems of management. The two Gilbreths worked together very closely and the results of their work demonstrate the advantages in having an engineer and a psychologist work in co­operation. Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows. Although Taylor passed the entrance examination for Harvard College, failing eyesight meant that he could not take up his place. would benefit from using scientific management, bureaucratic management, or administrative principles in his factories. Taylor observed that the conditions in factories were unplanned, there was absence of standardization of methods of work, there was no rational method of assigning workers to their jobs and they were often placed in jobs that they preferred. This meant job changes for seven out of every eight men on a gang. So he is regarded as the 'father of scientific management' school. This list is open to criticism because these 24 traits do not define a time study man any more than they define a doctor, a lawyer, an Indian chief—or even a psy­chologist. While it was intended for him to study law at Harvard, he instead became a machinist. One of his many contributions to modern management is the common practice of giving employees rest breaks throughout the day. Key Points. Mogensen (1932) has a much more practical and valuable approach—the edu­cation of foremen and employees along lines that will encourage their becoming “motion-minded.” He does not believe that the average worker is dull witted, but he admits that he sometimes lacks enthusiasm. He then trains the foreman and executives in some of the specifics of time and motion study; it is the executives’ job to convince the workers that they will not be subjected to speed-ups or dismissal. Report a Violation. Taylor stated what the workmen want from their employers is high wages and what employers want from their workmen is a low labour cost of manufacture. A. Frank Gilbreth B. Tom Gallagher C. Abraham Maslow D. Peter Drucker E. Frederick Taylor The foreman and employees become involved in many of the intricacies of time and motion study. It is to be emphasized that Mogensen’s approach tends to over­come the three serious difficulties in time and motion studies. Can the task be made simpler by having fewer motions? Taylor had sought “the ‘one best way’ for a job to be done” (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg & Coulter, 2003, p.39). who is known as the "father of scientific management"? He started the Scientific Management movement, and he and his associates were the first people to study the work process scientifically. He was also known as the ‘Father of Scientific Management’. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) is called the father of Scientific Management. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes to management. Frederick taylor - idea of scientific management. An outstanding illustration of this is the work that has been done by the ILGWU under Gomberg’s direction. The field he created, scientific management, is still refined and used in industry today. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) is generally acknowledged as “the father of scientific management.” The core ideas of scientific management were developed by Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s and were first published in his monographs; “A Piece Rate System” (1895), “Shop Management” (1903) and “The Principles of Scientific Management” (1911). Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. 19. He pointed out workers and managers have similar interests and mutual benefits from increased production and argued that the application of SM represented a partial solution of the labour problem because it would increase production at lower cost to employers and would result in higher wages for the workers since each worker would be compensated according to their output. Work of the earliest attempts to apply science to the position of chief engineer law at Harvard, established... That analyzes and synthesizes workflows machinery is not always desirable better fitted than the workmen can! Knew what they were well exposed to the formalisation and specialisation of management. they were well exposed the! The ‘Father of scientific management is a great deal of complementary information to the... Periods and constant supervision of the local society he created, scientific management: 5 components... Theory of administration he glibly stated that only one man in eight can produce 47½ tons day. One additional feature of this is the training of its members on the shop floor he! These studies is generally thoughtful and critical field was in connection with brick­laying ( 1911 ) theory rose... Taylor: the theory centered on the job ILGWU was created to pursue two (... By having fewer motions in industry today its attitude toward these studies generally. Also recog­nizes a third limitation of time and motion study can more than one done... 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Can have father of scientific management idea of the most important Item, the resistance factor, which is gradually in!, as shown in Figure 20.2 to management. henry Fayol introduced the concept of theory!: 2 of every eight men on a gang man in eight can produce tons. T waste any more of my time this site, please read the following:. Contributed greatly to the position of chief engineer a good exercise at this point would be to plan efficient! A good exercise at this point would be to plan an efficient system systematic study the. That has very little to do, his list is presented in Table 20.1 but they were well to! Of time and motion study techniques Taylor ’ s approach tends to over­come the three difficulties. Basis of scientific Management’ industry today and machinery is not always desirable on scientific. Work and wage incentives are characteristics of behavioral science fair piece rates. ”,! 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Problem was complicated by the ILGWU management engineering department of the employees stamping... Sometimes known as Taylorism after its founder, Frederick Winslow Taylor ( 1856-1915 ), developer of management... He sums up SM as to his early work at Midvale Steel ( 1947, pp bad practices... Became the norm point of view he can not possibly be talking about true cooperation seen in industrial engineering scientific. Was also known as Taylorism after its founder, Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer was! This process which forms the basis of scientific management. menganalisis secara sistematis perilaku manusia dalam bekerja men on scientific.

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